IR - One Definition A Day: Francophonie (p. 182, Ref. 1)
A term used to describe common bonds among those states and communities that share the French language, culture and civilisation.
Originally a nineteenth-century notion relating specifically to French North Africa it was revived by President Senghor of Senegal in 1960 and widely publicised in 1962 (Year of Algerian Independence) by a special issue of the journal Esprit.
Its subsequent popularity in the French-speaking world led to the establishment of over two hundred private and public organisations, and to maintain ties with the thirty-five states which accord some official status to the French language.
Four main institutions or areas of activity sustain the idea of francophonie: the Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique (ACCT, 1966), the annual Franco-African summit conferences, regular meetings of the Francophile States and the French Secretariat of States for francophonie.
The first occupant of this position, Madame Michaux-Chevy, defined it in this way 'Francophonie is a fight ... for a new international solidarity, for a new intricate and manifold cultural identity and for a common development'.
Although its aspirations are vague, it does represent a coherent, if somewhat loose, movement in world politics and serves to demarcate and defend the French-speaking world from possible encroachments from the more dominant Anglo-Saxon civilisation.
In this sense it has often been described as an agency of French foreign policy or alternatively as an instrument of neo-colonialism.
(Source: Penguin Dictionary on IR)
YourVietBooks is a collection of books on Vietnam for Readers who are interested in Vietnam's History, Culture, Language, Economy, or Business. Most titles are in English, but some are only available in French or Vietnamese. We can provide interested parties an accurate translation of some parts of the books for your research purposes. Translations are done by YourVietnamExpert's qualified and experienced translators. email@example.com